Saturday, July 28, 2012

Mahaveer and Ahinsa


jkx dks Hkh fgalk ekurs Fks Hkxoku egkohj

MkW0vusdkUr dqekj tSu

                  tSu /keZ ds pkSchlosa rFkk vfUre rhFkZadj Hkxoku egkohj dk tUe pS= ’kqDyk =;ksn’kh ds fnu fcgkj jkT; ds oS’kkyh uxj]oklksdq.M esa 600 bZlkiwoZ gqvk Fkk A mUgksaus vfgalk ij bruk vf/kd cy fn;k fd vkt  nqfu;k esa ;g fl)kUr gh mudh igpku cu x;k gSA Hkxoku egkohj us vfgalk dh cgqr O;kogkfjd O;k[;k izLrqr dhA vius Qk;ns ds fy, fdlh Hkh tho dk] pkgs og euq"; gks vFkok iÓq( eu] opu vkSj dk;k ls fny nq%Âkuk fgalk gS rFkk çekn ds dkjÆ fdlh ds thou dks Nhu ysuk egk&fgalk gSA
                ^vfgalk* tSu/keZ dk çkÆ gSA dbZ ckj tSu/keZ vkSj vfgalk /keZ dks vkil esa i;kZ;okph Òh dgk tkrk gSA mldk dkjÆ ;g gS fd vfgalk dh ftruh lw{e vkSj xgjh O;k[;k Hkxoku egkohj us dh gS mruh fo'o esa fdlh us ugha dhA LFkwy fgalk dks rks lHkh fgalk ekurs gh gSa fdUrq vk'p;Z rc gksrk gS tc tSu/keZ vU; /keks± dh ^vfgalk* esa Hkh ^fgalk* le>k nsrk gSAmnkgjÆ ds rkSj ij ^I;kj*] ^eqgCcr* ^b'd* ;k ^jkx* dks dkSu gS tks ^vfgalk* u dgsA vfgalk dks le>krs le; bUgha rÙoksa dh O;k[;k dh tkrh gS fdUrq tSu /keZ dh ;g ekSfyd Âkst gS fd ^}s"k* dk dkjÆ ^jkx* gh gS blfy, ^jkx* fgalk dh igyh lh<+h gSA blhfy, vkius nsÂk gksxk fd Hkxoku~ dks ^ohrjkxh* dgrs gSa u fd ^ohr}s"kh*A jkxHkko esa /keZ ekuuk tSu /keZ ds vuqlkj feF;kRo gSA
lqçfl) tSukpk;Z ve`rpUæ th us iq#ÔkÉZfl);qik; uked xzUÉ esa Li"V fy[kk gS&
^vçknqHkkZo% Âyq jkxknhuka HkoR;fgalsfrA
rsÔkesoksRifÙk% fgalsfr ftukxeL; laÕsi%AA*
        vFkkZr~ vkRek esa jkx&}s"kkfn dh mRifÙk ugha gksuk gh vfgalk gS vkSj mudh mRifÙk gh fgalk gS ,slk ftukxe dk lkj gSA dgus dk rkRi;Z ;g gS fd jkxh euq"; dHkh iwÆZ vfgald cu gh ugha ldrk mlds fy, ohrjkxh cuuk vko';d gSA
O;kogkfjd n`f"V ls vfgalk dks dbZ rjg ls vkpjÆ ;ksX; le>k;k x;k gSA blds fy, fgalk dks nks :iksa esa foHkkftr fd;k gSA
¼1½ Hkko fgalk
¼2½ æO; fgalk
fdlh dks tku ls ekjus] lrkus ;k nq% nsus dk eu esa fopkj Hkh djuk ^Hkkofgalk* gS vkSj fdlh dks tku ls ekj nsuk] lrkuk ;k nq% ig¡qpk nsuk æO; fgalk gSA vr% tSu/keZ ds vuqlkj fdlh Hkh tho dks nq% ig¡qpkus] mls lrkus rFkk mldk çkÆ gjÆ dj ysus dh ckr eu esa lkspuh rd ugha pkfg,A eu esa fopkj ek= ykus ij loZçÉe gekjh vkRek dyqfÔr gksrh gS vkSj ;g lcls cM+h fgalk gSA ge Hkko fgalk ls cpdj gh æO; fgalk ls Lor% cp ldrs gSaA vr% gesa u fgalk djuh pkfg,] u fdlh vkSj ls djokuh pkfg, vkSj u gh fgalk dk leFkZu djuk pkfg,AHkxoku egkohj us x`gLFk ds thou esa LFkwy:i ls pkj çdkj dh fgalk dk oÆZu fd;k &
¼1½ vkjaHkh fgalk
    ?kj dh lQkbZ bR;kfn dk;Z djus ij tks NksVs&eksVs tho cpkus dh yk[k dksfÓÓ djus ij Hkh ej tkrs gSa mls vkjaHkh fgalk dgrs gSaA
¼2½ m|ksxh fgalk
    vkthfodk vftZr djus ds fy, dksbZ d`f"k vkfn vfgald dk;Z djrs le; tks cgqr cpkus ij Hkh thoksa dh fgalk gks tkrh gS og m|ksxh fgalk gSA
¼3½ fojks/kh fgalk
     vius jk"Vª] /keZ] ifjokj ;k Lo;a ij dksbZ ?kkrd geyk djs rc yk[k jksdus dh dksfÓÓ djus ij Hkh etcwjh esa tks vkRe&nq'euksa ds çfr vkRejÕk ds Hkko ls fgalk gks tkrh gS og fojks/kh fgalk dgykrh gSA
mijksä rhu çdkj dh fgalk;sa x`gLFk thou esa gks gh tkrh gSa vr% vÆqozrh x`gLFk buls rks cp ugha ldrkA
¼4½ ladYih fgalk
     prqFkZ ladYih fgalk gS ftldk vFkZ gS fd iwoZfu;ksftr :i ls LokFkZ ds fy, eu esa ladYi iwoZd fdlh ds çkÆksa dks nq%Â igq¡pkuk ;k gjÆ dj ysukA vÆqozrh x`gLFk dks de ls de ladYih fgalk dk iwÆZ R;kx gksrk gSA
     ekalkgkj u djuk rFkk lnSo Óq) vkgkj ysuk Hkh vfgalkÆqozr gSA Hkxoku egkohj dk dguk Fkk fd dksbZ x`gLFk Hkys gh iw.kZ vfgalk u iky lds fdUrq mls fgalk dk vYihdj.k t:j djuk pkfg, A fujFkZd fgalk ls Hkh cPkk tk ldrk gSA egkRek xkWa/kh us Hkxoku egkohj dh vfgalk dks le>us dh cgqr dksf'k'k dh FkhA mUgksaus viuh vkRedFkk esa fy[kk gS fd mUgksau ,d tSu eqfu ls rhu ozr fy, Fks fd dHkh ekal]'kjkc rFkk ij L=h dks gkFk ugha yxkÅaxkA vkt vfgalk ds bUgha iz;ksxksa dh vko';drk gSA
                                                        Dr Anekant kumar jain
                                                    Deptt. of JainPhilosophy
                                                shri Lal Bahadur Shastri Rastriya Sanskrit Vidya Peeth
                                                  (  Deemed University)New Delhi-110016
                                                                Ph.09711397716



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